Risk: Agricultural biotechnology increases environmental risk as it reinforces monoculture and mechanization thereby reducing biodiversity. Simultaneously, this technology poses a social risk to farmers, who may become trapped financially by seed licensing and fees. As consumer demand for organics and natural foods increases, agricultural biotechnology will likely face increased resistance and decreasing demand.
Risk: Consumer demand and awareness surrounding animal welfare is increasing. Companies that utilize inhumane practices including animal testing, factory farming etc. are exposed to increased reputational risk and diminished brand value.
Risk: Emissions from burning fossil fuels contribute to climate change, which is one of the largest environmental risks facing our society today. Additionally, the fossil fuel industry is fraught with social risks including employee health and safety and impacts on local communities as well as governance risks stemming from corruption and bribery. As these risks manifest and regulations tighten, fossil fuel companies are at greater financial risk through an increasing number of stranded assets.
Risk: Gambling poses a host of social risks ranging from compulsive behavioral patterns to crime. Furthermore, poor corporate governance often perpetuates this Industry.
Risk: Although a low carbon energy source, the environmental, social and financial risks of operating nuclear power plants are excessive. Nuclear waste, a radioactive byproduct of nuclear power generation, poses a long-term environmental risk as well as financial costs. Communities located in the proximity of nuclear plants also face long-term human health risks.
Risk: The human health risks associated with tobacco are undeniable. As these risks are ever more transparent, companies face increased reputational risk and decreasing consumer demand.
Risk: Beyond the social impacts weapons have on families/communities; the weapons industry is known for its poor governance and labor practices and is often subject to negative consumer campaigns.